Google Workspace security and trust
Protecting your data is our top priority.
Protecting your data is our top priority.
Google started in the cloud and runs on the cloud, so it's no surprise that we fully understand the security implications of powering your business in the cloud. Because Google and our enterprise services run on the same infrastructure, your organization will benefit from the protections we've built and use everyday. Our robust global infrastructure, along with dedicated security professionals and our drive to innovate, enables Google to stay ahead of the curve and offer a highly secure, reliable, and compliant environment.
Google has industry-leading knowledge and expertise building secure cloud infrastructure and applications at scale. While many providers can make these assertions, we believe security and privacy must be seen and understood by our customers, not just done behind the scenes.
Security and data protection are central to the design of Google’s data centers. Our physical security model includes safeguards like custom electronic access cards, perimeter fencing, and metal detectors. We also use cutting-edge tools like biometrics and laser-based intrusion detection to make physical breaches a "mission impossible" scenario for would-be attackers. See inside a Google data center.
Google runs its data centers using custom designed hardware with a hardened operating system and file system. Each of these systems is optimized for security and performance. Since Google controls the hardware stack, we can quickly respond to any threats or weaknesses that may emerge.
Google’s application and network architecture is designed for maximum reliability and uptime. Because data is distributed across Google’s servers and data centers, your data will still be accessible if a machine fails – or even if an entire data center goes down. Google owns and operates data centers around the world to keep the services you use running 24 hours a day, every day of the year. Our integrated approach to infrastructure security works in concert across multiple layers: hardware infrastructure, service deployment, user identity, storage, Internet communication, and operations security. Learn more in our Infrastructure Security Design Whitepaper.
Google’s private, global, software-defined network provides more flexibility, control, and security than any cloud service provider. Our network connects multiple data centers using our own fiber, public fiber, and undersea cables. This allows us to deliver identical, highly available, low-latency services to Google Workspace customers across the globe, and limits exposure of customer data to the public Internet, where it may be subject to intercept. Google Workspace customers’ data is encrypted when it’s on a disk, stored on backup media, moving over the Internet, or traveling between data centers. Encryption is an important piece of the Google Workspace security strategy, helping to protect your emails, chats, Google Drive files, and other data.
Get additional details on how data is protected at rest, in transit, and on backup media, as well as information on encryption key management in the Google Workspace Encryption Whitepaper.
At Google, all employees are required to think "security first." Google employs many full-time security and privacy professionals, including some of the world’s leading experts in information, application, and network security. To ensure Google stays protected, we incorporate security into our entire software development process. This can include having security professionals analyze proposed architectures and perform code reviews to uncover security vulnerabilities and better understand the different attack models for a new product or feature. When situations do arise, our dedicated Google Workspace Incident Management Team is committed to ensuring incidents are addressed with minimal disruption to our customers through rapid response, analysis, and remediation.
Google’s research and outreach activities protect the wider community of Internet users – beyond just those who choose our solutions. Our full-time team known as Project Zero aims to discover high-impact vulnerabilities in widely used products from Google and other vendors. We commit to doing our work transparently and to directly report bugs to software vendors – without involving third parties.
Security has always been a top priority for Google. Here are a few ways we’ve set the bar higher:
Google is the first major cloud provider to enable perfect forward secrecy, which encrypts content as it moves between our servers and those of other companies. With perfect forward secrecy private keys for a connection are ephemeral, which in turn prevents retroactive decryption of HTTPS sessions by an adversary or even the server operator. Many industry peers have followed suit or committed to adoption in the future.
Every single email message you send or receive – 100% of them – is encrypted while moving between Google’s data centers. This ensures that your messages are safe not only when they move between your devices and Gmail’s servers, but also as they move internally within Google. We were also the first to let users know when their email was sent insecurely across providers with the introduction of our TLS indicator.
To protect against cryptanalytic advances, in 2013 Google doubled its RSA encryption key length to 2048 bits and started changing them every few weeks, raising the bar for the rest of the industry.
Google Workspace offers administrators enterprise control over system configuration and application settings – all in a dashboard that you can use to streamline authentication, asset protection, and operational control. Use integrated Cloud Identity features to manage users and enforce multi-factor authentication and security keys for added protection. You can choose the Google Workspace edition that best meets your organization’s security needs.
2-step verification greatly reduces the risk of unauthorized access by asking users for additional proof of identity when signing in. Our security key enforcement offers another layer of security for user accounts by requiring a physical key. The key sends an encrypted signature and works only with the sites that it’s supposed to, helping to guard against phishing. Google Workspace administrators can easily deploy, monitor, and manage the security keys at scale from within the administrator console – without installing additional software.
We use our robust machine learning capabilities to help detect suspicious logins. When we discover a suspicious login, we notify administrators so they can work to ensure the accounts are secured.
With support for single sign-on (SSO), Google Workspace enables unified access to other enterprise cloud applications. Our identity and access management (IAM) service lets administrators manage all user credentials and cloud applications access in one place.
Google Workspace allows administrators to set customized rules requiring email messages to be signed and encrypted using Secure/Multipurpose Internet Mail Extensions (S/MIME). These rules can be configured to enforce S/MIME when specific content is detected in email messages.
Based on the zero trust security model and Google’s BeyondCorp implementation, context-aware access enables you to provide secure access for your users while maintaining their productivity. It enforces granular controls and uses a single platform for both your cloud and on-premises applications and infrastructure resources. With context-aware access, you can enforce granular access controls on Google Workspace apps, based on a user’s identity and context of the request.
Google’s Advanced Protection Program is our strongest protection for users at risk of targeted online attacks. With the Advanced Protection Program for enterprise, we’ll enforce a curated set of strong account security policies for enrolled users. These include requiring security keys, blocking access to untrusted apps, and enhanced scanning for email threats.
Google Workspace administrators can set up a data loss prevention (DLP) policy to protect sensitive information within Gmail and Drive. We provide a library of predefined content detectors to make setup easy. Once the DLP policy is in place, for example, Gmail can automatically check all outgoing email for sensitive information and automatically take action to prevent data leakage: either quarantine the email for review, tell users to modify the information, or block the email from being sent and notify the sender. With easy-to-configure rules and optical character recognition (OCR) of content stored in images, DLP for Drive makes it easy for administrators to audit files containing sensitive content and configure rules that warn and prevent users from sharing confidential information externally. Learn more in our DLP Whitepaper.
Machine learning has helped Gmail achieve 99.9% accuracy in spam detection and block sneaky spam and phishing messages – the kind that could actually pass for wanted email. Less than 0.1% of email in the average Gmail inbox is spam, and incorrect filtering of mail to the spam folder is even less likely (less than 0.05%).
To help prevent malware, Google automatically scans every attachment for viruses across multiple engines prior to a user downloading it. Gmail even checks for viruses in attachments queued for dispatch. This helps to protect everyone who uses Gmail and prevents the spread of viruses. Attachments in certain formats, such as .ADE, .ADP, .BAT, .CHM, .CMD, .COM, .CPL, .EXE, .HTA, .INS, .ISP, .JAR, .JS, .JSE, .LIB, .LNK, .MDE, .MSC, .MSI, .MSP, .MST, .NSH .PIF, .SCR, .SCT, .SHB, .SYS, .VB, .VBE, .VBS, .VXD, .WSC, .WSF, and .WSH are automatically blocked – even when they’re included as part of a compressed file.
Google Workspace uses machine learning extensively to protect users against phishing attacks. Our learning models perform similarity analysis between previously classified phishing sites and new, unrecognized URLs. As we find new patterns we adapt more quickly than manual systems ever could. Google Workspace also allows administrators to enforce the use of security keys, making it impossible to use credentials compromised in phishing attacks.
To help prevent abuse of your brand in phishing attacks, Google Workspace follows the DMARC standard, which empowers domain owners to decide how Gmail and other participating email providers handle unauthenticated emails coming from your domain. By defining a policy, you can help protect users and your organization’s reputation.
Google Workspace's fully integrated endpoint management offers continuous system monitoring and alerts you to suspicious device activity. Administrators can enforce endpoint policies, encrypt data on devices, lock lost or stolen mobile devices, and remotely wipe devices.
The security center for Google Workspace provides a single, comprehensive view into the security posture of your Google Workspace deployment. It brings together security analytics, best practice recommendations and integrated remediation that empower you to protect your organization’s data, devices and users.
As part of our authentication controls, administrators get visibility and control into third-party applications leveraging OAuth for authentication and corporate data access. OAuth access can be disabled at a granular level, and vetted third-party apps can be whitelisted.
To help administrators maintain control over sensitive data, we offer information rights management (IRM) in Drive. Administrators and users can disable downloading, printing, and copying of files from the advanced sharing menu, as well as set expiration dates on file access.
The Alert Center for Google Workspace is a new way for admins to view essential notifications, alerts, and actions across Google Workspace. Insights around these potential alerts can help administrators assess their organization's exposure to security issues. Integrated remediation with the security center offers a streamlined way to resolve these issues.
Many organizations leverage the power of our distributed data centers to maximize critical benefits, such as minimal latency and robust geo-redundancy. However, for organizations with stringent control requirements, data regions for Google Workspace lets you choose where certain covered data should be stored at rest—either in the US, across Europe, or distributed globally.
Google designed Google Workspace to meet stringent privacy and security standards based on industry best practices. In addition to strong contractual commitments regarding data ownership, data use, security, transparency, and accountability, we give you the tools you need to help meet your compliance and reporting requirements.
Google customers and regulators expect independent verification of our security, privacy, and compliance controls. In order to provide this, we undergo several independent third-party audits on a regular basis.
ISO/IEC 27001 is one of the most widely recognized and accepted independent security standards. Google has earned ISO/IEC 27001 certification for the systems, technology, processes, and data centers that run Google Workspace. View our ISO/IEC 27001 certificate.
ISO/IEC 27017 is an international standard of practice for information security controls based on ISO/IEC 27002 specifically for cloud services. Our compliance with the international standard was certified by Ernst & Young CertifyPoint, an ISO certification body accredited by the Dutch Accreditation Council (a member of the International Accreditation Forum, or IAF). View our ISO/IEC 27017 certificate.
Google Workspace's compliance with ISO/IEC 27018:2014 affirms our commitment to international privacy and data protection standards. ISO/IEC 27018 guidelines include not using your data for advertising, ensuring that your data in Google Workspace services remains yours, providing you with tools to delete and export your data, protecting your information from third-party requests, and being transparent about where your data is stored. View our ISO/IEC 27018 certificate.
The American Institute of Certified Public Accountants (AICPA) SOC (Service Organization Controls) 2 and SOC 3 audit framework relies on its Trust Principles and Criteria for security, availability, processing integrity, and confidentiality. Google has both SOC 2 and SOC 3 reports. Download our SOC 3 report.
Google Workspace products are compliant with the requirements of the Federal Risk and Authorization Management Program (FedRAMP). FedRAMP is the cloud security standard of the U.S. government. Google Workspace is authorized for use by federal agencies for data it has classified at a "Moderate" impact level, which may include PII and Controlled Unclassified Information. Google Workspace has been assessed as adequate for use with “OFFICIAL” (including “OFFICIAL SENSITIVE”) information in accordance with the UK Security Principles. For details on product and services compliance, visit the FedRAMP Google Services page.
Google Workspace customers who need to maintain Payment Card Industry Data Security Standard (PCI DSS) compliance can set up a data loss prevention (DLP) policy that prevents emails containing payment card information from being sent from Google Workspace. For Drive, Vault can be configured to run audits and make sure no cardholder data is stored.
FISC (Center for Financial Industry Information Systems) is a public interest incorporated foundation tasked with conducting research related to technology, utilization, control, and threat/defense related to financial information systems in Japan. One of the key documents created by the organization is the "FISC Security Guidelines on Computer Systems for Banking and Related Financial Institutions," which describes controls related to facilities, operations, and technical infrastructure. Google has developed a guide to help customers understand how Google’s control environment aligns with the FISC guidelines. Most of the controls outlined in our guide are part of our third-party audited compliance programs, including ISO/IEC 27001, ISO/IEC 27017, and ISO/IEC 27018 certifications. View our response to the FISC controls. For further information, please contact sales.
The Esquema Nacional de Seguridad (ENS) accreditation scheme for Spain has been developed by La Entidad Nacional de Acreditación (ENAC) in close collaboration with the Ministry of Finance and Public Administration and the National Cryptologic Centre (CCN). The ENS was established as part of Royal Decree 3/2010 (amended by Decree 951/2015) and serves to establish principles and requirements for the adequate protection of information for Spanish public sector entities. Google Cloud (GCP and Google Workspace) has met the requirements to comply with ENS at the ‘High’ level.
Google Workspace supports customers’ compliance with the U.S. Health Insurance Portability and Accountability Act (HIPAA), which governs the safeguarding, use, and disclosure of protected health information (PHI). Customers who are subject to HIPAA and wish to use Google Workspace for PHI processing or storage can sign a business associate amendment with Google. View more details about HIPAA compliance with Google Workspace.
Google Workspace meets data protection recommendations from the Article 29 Working Party and maintains adherence to EU Model Contract Clauses with our Data Processing Amendment, Subprocessor Disclosure, and EU Model Contract Clauses. Google also maintains compliance with Privacy Shield and allows for Data Portability, wherein administrators can export data in standard formats without any additional charge.
At Google Workspace, we champion initiatives that prioritize and improve the security and privacy of user data. We’ve made updates to our Data Processing Amendment to ensure that Google Workspace customers can confidently use our services now that the GDPR is in effect. We’ve also implemented stringent policies, processes, and controls through our Data Processing Amendment and Model Contract Clauses. In those agreements we commit to comply with the obligations applicable to us under the GDPR with respect to the processing we do on behalf of our customers, and we have worked closely with European Data Protection Authorities to meet their expectations. Learn more.
Millions of students rely on Google Workspace for Education. Google Workspace for Education services comply with the Family Educational Rights and Privacy Act (FERPA). Our commitment to this compliance is included in our agreements.
Protecting children online is important to us. We contractually require Google Workspace for Education schools to obtain the parental consent that the Children’s Online Privacy Protection Act of 1998 (COPPA) requires, and our services can be used in compliance with COPPA.
Google provides product capabilities and contractual commitments to facilitate customer compliance with South Africa’s Protection of Personal Information (POPI) Act. Customers who are subject to POPI can define how their data is stored, processed, and protected by signing a Data Processing Amendment.
Vault allows you to export select Google Workspace apps data to standard formats for additional processing and review – all in a manner that supports legal standards while respecting chain of custody guidelines.
Google Workspace's monitoring tools allow administrators to scan email messages for alphanumeric patterns and objectionable content. Administrators can create rules to either reject matching emails before they reach their intended recipients or deliver them with modifications.
Easy interactive reports help you assess your organization's exposure to security issues at a domain and user level. Extensibility with a collection of application programming interfaces (APIs) enable you to build custom security tools for your own environment. With insight into how users are sharing data, which third-party apps are installed, and whether appropriate security measures such as 2-step verification are in place, you can improve your security posture.
Google Workspace allows administrators to track user actions and set up custom alerts within Google Workspace. This tracking spans across the Admin Console, Gmail, Drive, Calendar, Groups, mobile, and third-party application authorization. For example, if a marked file is downloaded or if a file containing the word “Confidential” is shared outside the organization, administrators can be notified.
With BigQuery, Google’s enterprise data warehouse for large-scale data analytics, you can analyze Gmail logs using sophisticated, high-performing custom queries, and leverage third-party tools for deeper analysis.
Transparency is part of Google’s DNA. We work hard to earn and maintain trust with our customers through transparency. The customer – not Google – owns their data. Google does not sell your data to third parties, there is no advertising in Google Workspace, and we never collect or use data from Google Workspace services for any advertising purposes.
Google does not collect, scan, or use your data in Google Workspace services for advertising purposes and we do not display ads in Google Workspace. We use your data to provide Google Workspace services, and for system support, such as spam filtering, virus detection, spell-checking, capacity planning, traffic routing, and the ability to search for emails and files within an individual account.
The data that companies, schools, and government agencies put into Google Workspace services does not belong to Google. Whether it’s corporate intellectual property, personal information, or a homework assignment, Google does not own that data and Google does not sell that data to third parties.
Access Transparency supports our commitment to customer trust by giving you fine-grained logs of actions taken by Google staff and the reason for each access, including references to specific support tickets where relevant.
Google Workspace offers a 99.9% service level agreement. Furthermore, Google Workspace has no scheduled downtime or maintenance windows. Unlike most providers, we plan for our applications to always be available, even when we’re upgrading our services or maintaining our systems.
We’re committed to providing you with information about our systems and processes – whether that's a real-time performance overview, the results of a data handling audit, or the location of our data centers. It’s your data; we ensure you have control over it. You can delete your data or export it at any time. We regularly publish Transparency Reports detailing how governments and other parties can affect your security and privacy online. We think you deserve to know, and we have a long track record of keeping you informed and standing up for your rights.